- Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) can be defined as a lower glucose or glucose level than the normal blood level, ie, less than 72 mg / dL. Low sugar is not a disease in itself but rather a symptom that may indicate A number of health problems in the body, glucose is used to produce energy in the body, and because of the inability of the brain to store sugar, and the constant need for energy, sugar should not fall below the normal proportion in the blood.
Symptoms of low sugar:
Symptoms of low sugar are usually sudden, and in some cases, no symptoms or signs of low sugar may be present. Nervousness, or coma, so if someone has low blood sugar, especially people with diabetes, be careful to take one of the sources of sugar easy to digest, such as juices, honey, sugar food, and if the patient lost consciousness and give him any food or drink, Glucagon should be used (b English: Glucagon) to raise the level of sugar in blood, and symptoms that may indicate lower blood sugar than the normal rate, we mention the following:
- Note skin paleness and frequent sweating
- Inflammation of the eye
- Sudden mood swings and panic
- Feel tired and tired
- Suffering from headaches
- Blinking, feeling pinched in the skin
- Difficulty sleeping
- Problems with thinking and difficulty concentrating
- Increased heart rate
Causes of low sugar:
- The use of medications for the treatment of diabetes is the most common cause of low sugar than normal. Insulin and some other drugs reduce blood sugar. Blood sugar may be caused by insufficient food intake or exercise at an average rate. There are a number of other non-diabetes reasons that may lead to low sugar levels, including:
- Alcohol consumption: Eating alcohol without eating the diet stops the liver from releasing glucose stored in it into the bloodstream, leading to low sugar levels.
- Medicines: Some medications cause low blood sugar levels, especially in children and people with kidney failure. Quinine is used in the treatment of malaria.
- Infectious diseases: such as kidney disease, severe liver disease, and health conditions leading to long-term inability to eat, such as Anorexia nervosa.
- Excessive insulin production: Some rare tumors may increase the production of insulin in the body, leading to a decrease in blood sugar, such as Insulinoma, and pancreatic carotid atrophy (Nesidioblastosis).
- Hypothyroidism: Some hormones regulate blood sugar levels. If you suffer from a deficiency of the glands responsible for producing these hormones, you may experience a decrease in your sugar level.
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